UNESCO-NIE Centre for Arts Research in Education (CARE)

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Journal: 
Asia-Pacific Journal for Arts Education
Name(s) of Author/Editor(s): 
David Hebert
Refereed: 
Yes
Volume No.: 
4
Issue No.: 
1
Year of publication: 
2006
Country of publication: 
Hong Kong
Country of Research Data: 
Japan, New Zealand, USA and Russia
Language: 
English
Abstract: 
This paper introduces the first international panel on patriotism in music education, presented at the Fifth Asia-Pacific Symposium for Music Education Research (Seattle, 2005), with representatives from the USA, Japan, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Germany, and China. Patriotic music education is found to exemplify an intriguing gap between music education theory and practice. While the notion that patriotism would serve as an objective for music education is determined to be antithetical to contemporary music education philosophies, signs of a recent increase in patriotic content are noted within school music education programs of both Japan and the USA. The development, lyric content, and educational use of national anthems are examined and compared. Characteristics of “Gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii” (Russian Federation) and “God Defend New Zealand” are contrasted with “Kimigayo” (Japan) and “The Star Spangled Banner” (USA). Explanations are sought for increases in patriotic content, which are attributed to such factors as corporate partnerships and an “anything goes” approach to advocacy among music organizations, as well as Taylorization of teacher education programs. The paper concludes by proposing discussion questions for the panel.
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