UNESCO-NIE Centre for Arts Research in Education (CARE)

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Name of Author: 
Ling, Lilian
National Institute of Education
Year of completion: 
Country of Research Data: 

An Academic Exercise submitted in partial fulfillment of requirements for Bachelor of Arts (Hons)


The objective of this paper was to research the effects of different coloured materials that could be fused between two pieces of clear, recycled window glass.

These coloured materials include ceramic colours, metal oxides and common found objects which were relatively flat enough to be fused between sheets of glass. Although a range of colours can be obtained by purchasing commercially produced 'art glasses' (refer to Glossary), the process will be costly and that these 'art glasses' are also not compatible with window glass. Thus, the purpose in this study was to discover a variety of methods where colour could be introduced to glass work in relatively inexpensive ways by recycling clear, window glass. This paper also contains a compilation of fusing tests conducted and the results of the individual tests.

Chapter One opens with the intentions and rationale for contriving this research paper whereas Chapter Two provides a general historical background of the early uses and production of glass. The various equipment required and the methods of conducting the experiments as well as a range of tests conducted and the results of the Tests are presented in Chapters Three and Four respectively.  Many of the coloured materials selected in the tests were inexpensive, with the exception of some, and were easily obtainable for use; especially in the classroom context.

Various tests had shown potential in that the bright colours were retained and interesting patterns were formed. These tests were then singled out to be further developed and the outcomes are highlighted in Chapter Five. The results of the fusing tests showed that a range of colours could be introduced to clear, recycled window without the use of expensive coloured 'art glasses'. This paper also points to the possibility of incorporating glass fusing into the art syllabus in the Singapore school context.

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