UNESCO-NIE Centre for Arts Research in Education (CARE)

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Journal: 
Research Studies in Music Education (RSME)
Name(s) of Author/Editor(s): 
Mang, Esther
Refereed: 
Yes
Volume No.: 
16
Issue No.: 
1
Page numbers of article: 
4-14
Year of publication: 
2001
Country of publication: 
Australia
Country of Research Data: 
Hong Kong
Language: 
English
Abstract: 
Pitch is a psychoacoustic concept that has distinctive functions in speech and music across languages. The present investigation is based on a hypothesis that speakers of tonal and non-tonal languages may have distinctive vocal pitch behaviours. Ethnographic observations was conducted on the vocal development of a group of English and Chinese Canadian children over 42 months. Acoustic analyses were performed on recorded vocalizations to extract pitch. Comparisons of longitudinal vocal fundamental frequencies between the Chinese and English speaking children suggest possible language differences in the use of pitch to distinguish between speech and song production. Implications on strategies to provide more effective singing experience in a multicultural classroom are discussed.
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